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13. Identify the non-negotiable government conditions and industry incentives associated
with privatisation of biosecurity services and activities
Currently government exercises responsibility over a wide range of biosecurity services. In
the shift toward greater private sector biosecurity responsibility, consideration could be
made into the non-negotiable standards that Government would set to ensure national and
public interests are met; including rules around data collection, intellectual property (IP)
and artificial intelligence. Additionally,incentives that would encourage industry to take on
greater biosecurity responsibilities could be identified. The Approved Arrangements scheme,
for example,involves agreements to facilitate industry responsibility over some biosecurity
activities in accordance with requirements set by the Department of Agriculture,Water and
the Environment (DAWE).
14. Invest in social science research to better understand non-compliance behaviours
From large industry through to smallholders and hobby farmers, there are portions of
these groups who are not complying with biosecurity standards. Understanding the
differences across these groups, and their values and perceptions of biosecurity, will help
develop more targeted and impactful engagement approaches,guidelines and penalties. Such
research would also help ensure information flows are simplified and delivered through
appropriate channels.
15. Investigate improvements to incentivise accurate and timely biosecurity detection
reporting
The challenge of sufficient reporting incentives is particularly acute where reimbursements
for response activities and associated productivity impacts are not guaranteed,or reporting
may have a detrimental impact on livelihoods. Investigating compensation schemes and
incentives for agricultural producers and transport providers operating in-line with best
biosecurity practices could assist with this challenge. Legislative instruments to incentivise
reporting through compensation programs could also be explored. Best practice for various
producers and transport providers could be defined by government and industry peak
bodies.
Case Study 5: BioSecure HACCP56
Biosecure HACCPis an industry-developed on-farm biosecurity program designed to assist
Australian nursery producers in assessing and managing biosecurity risks. The program
helps to identify threats to a business’ biosecurity integrity from pests, weeds and
diseases; and guides the implementation of management strategies to improve processes
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